- What is cataract?
Cataract is a vision disorder that occurs when the lens (oval lens located behind the color of the eye) loses its transparency.
We can compare the crystalline lens to the lens of a camera which allows us to focus the image. When the lens becomes opaque, the light rays reach the retina less well. The outside world is seen as through a waterfall and can no longer be perceived clearly.
Most often, cataracts occur with age and evolve slowly so that the person affected does not notice it at first.
- What are the signs of cataracts?
The view is gradually more veiled or obscured. There is a gradual decline in vision with the impression that glasses are no longer suitable, especially for distance vision, while near vision is often preserved at the beginning. Vision may be double with glare. A less contrasting vision, with a perception that things are washed out, with less vivid colors. When the cataract is more advanced, the pupil may appear gray or slightly white.
- What screening methods?
Cataracts are often detected during an eye exam. It is therefore important to consult as soon as you notice any changes.
in your vision.
At an early stage of cataract, wearing glasses may be enough to improve visual ability. However, at later stages,
the only possible treatment is surgery.
- What is the treatment for cataract?
When the lens has become opaque, it is not possible to "clean" it, only surgery using ultrasound or laser methods can remove the cloudy lens. It is replaced by a synthetic lens which is placed in the eye for the rest of the life. These lenses are also used during cataract surgery in children. In this case, they remain in place for several decades.
The operation is performed under local anesthesia only with drops and lasts between 15 and 30 minutes. In principle, only one eye is operated on at a time. After the operation, stay calm and do not rub your eye under any circumstances.
Already after a few weeks, the eye is completely healed. Driving may not be possible for a few weeks while the brain readjusts to this new balance of vision. There is no age limit for cataract surgery.
The intervention is indicated when your visual capacity prevents you from correctly carrying out the activities of daily living. Only regular monitoring can diagnose a cataract and, if necessary, treat it effectively.
- Risk factors
Age, eye trauma, diseases such as diabetes, serious internal eye inflammation, smoking and alcohol, ultraviolet rays, taking medication (neuroleptics, steroids, etc.)
Cataract surgery is the most performed surgery in the world and has one of the highest success rates.
Cataract is the process of aging and clouding of the lens. This opacification causes a decrease in visual acuity requiring surgery to replace the lens with a refractive implant.
This implant will be chosen to measure for your vision according to your needs in order to bring you perfect vision from far or near.
Some premium implants called multifocals guarantee vision for all distances without glasses.
Here is some information regarding this surgery:
Duration: 30 minutes outpatient surgery
Anesthesia: local by drops with sedation
Same day anesthesia consultation
Fasting on the day of the operation
Exit with a bandage covering the eye
Be accompanied when leaving
Autonomy the same evening
Do not play sports, put your head under water, or wear makeup for a week
Protect your eye with a protective shell at night for a week
Frequency of appointments:
D1: Appointment with Dr Bela to remove the bandage
D7: prescription for temporary glasses
M1: final glasses prescriptions